First study of passive sampling to monitor short-chain chlorinated paraffins in water: Comparing capabilities of Chemcatcher® and silicone rubber samplers


  • Godere Mathilde
  • Mondange Stella
  • Doumenq Pierre
  • Gonzalez Catherine
  • Malleret Laure


  • Chlorinated paraffins
  • European water framework directive
  • Chemcatcher®
  • Silicone rubber
  • Passive sampling
  • Complex mixtures

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Short-chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCPs) are high-volume chemicals raising concerns because of their classification as priority hazardous substances by the European Water Framework Directive (WFD) and their recent inclusion in the persistent organic pollutants' (POPs) list by the Stockholm convention. As this group cover up to 5000 isomers, their measurement is still challenging. Hence the SCCPs occurrence in the environment is poorly documented in comparison with other POPs, especially in matrices where they are present at ultratrace levels such as waters. In the two-past decades, passive sampling has been increasingly used as it overcomes some major drawbacks associated to the conventional grab sampling. This study constitutes the first work aiming to examine the passive sampling's applicability for the monitoring of such complex analytes' mixtures in waters. Optimization and calibration of two proven passive samplers, namely silicone rubbers and Chemcatcher®, were performed through batch and laboratory pilot experiments. Despite the thousands of molecules present in the SCCPs mixture, the resulting global kinetic uptakes fitted well with the theorical model, for both samplers. Sampling rates of 8.0 L d −1 for silicone rubbers and 0.53 L d −1 for Chemcatcher® were found, and logK sw determined for silicone rubbers equaled 4.24 to 4.95. These values are in complete agreement with published data for other HOCs. A field trial carried out in marine coastal environments provided further evidence to demonstrate the applicability of the passive samplers to measure CPs amounts in water bodies. All these results unveil that passive sampling using silicone rubbers or Chemcatcher® can be a relevant approach to track traces of such complex mixtures in water.

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