Theoretical chemical ionization rate constants of the concurrent reactions of hydronium ions (H 3 O + ) and oxygen ions (O 2+) with selected organic iodides

authors

  • Strekowski Rafal
  • Alvarez Coralie
  • Petrov-Stojanović Jeanne
  • Hagebaum-Reignier Denis
  • Wortham Henri

document type

ART

abstract

Short chain volatile iodinated organic compounds (VIOCs) are of great importance in many fields that include atmospheric chemistry, agriculture and environmental chemistry related to nuclear power plant safety. Proton-transfer-reaction mass spec-trometry (PTR-MS) allows for fast, sensitive and on-line quantification of VIOCs if the chemical ionization (CI) reaction rate coefficients are known. In this work, the theoretical CI rate coefficients for the reactions of hydronium ions (H 3 O +) and oxygen ions (O + 2) with selected atmospherically important short chain VIOCs are determined. The neutral CH 3 I, CH 2 I 2 , C 2 H 5 I, iso-C 3 H 7 I, n-C 3 H 7 I, n-C 4 H 9 I, 2-C 4 H 9 I, n-C 5 H 11 I, 2-C 5 H 11 I, 3-C 5 H 11 I have been chosen because these compounds are of atmospheric and environmental importance in the field of safety of nuclear plant reactors. Theoretical ion-molecule collision rate coefficeints were determined using the Su and Chesnavich theory based on parametrized trajectory calculations. The proton affinity, ionization energy, dipole moment and polarizability values of the neutral molecules were determined from density functional theory and coupled-cluster calculations. The newly calculated rate constants facilitate the use of the CI mass spectrometry in the atmospheric quantification of selected VIOCs.

more information