Evidence of in vitro metabolic interaction effects of a chlorfenvinphos, ethion and linuron mixture on human hepatic detoxification rates


  • Kadar Ali
  • de Sousa Georges
  • Peyre Ludovic
  • Wortham Henri
  • Doumenq Pierre
  • Rahmani Roger


  • Pesticides mixture
  • Health risk assessment
  • 29
  • 31
  • Pesticides mixture
  • Hepatic clearance
  • Metabolic interactions
  • Human health
  • Liver function
  • Toxin inactivation
  • 30
  • Detoxification
  • Hepatic clearance
  • Metabolic interactions

document type



General population exposure to pesticides mainly occurs via food and water consumption. However, their risk assessment for regulatory purposes does not currently consider the actual co-exposure to multiple substances. To address this concern, relevant experimental studies are needed to fill the lack of data concerning effects of mixture on human health. For the first time, the present work evaluated on human microsomes and liver cells the combined metabolic effects of, chlorfenvinphos, ethion and linuron, three pesticides usually found in vegetables of the European Union. Concentrations of these substances were measured during combined incubation experiments, thanks to a new analytical methodology previously developed. The collected data allowed for calculation and comparison of the intrinsic hepatic clearance of each pesticide from different combinations. Finally, the results showed clear inhibitory effects, depending on the association of the chemicals at stake. The major metabolic inhibitor observed was chlorfenvinphos. During co-incubation, it was able to decrease the intrinsic clearance of both linuron and ethion. These latter also showed a potential for metabolic inhibition mainly cytochrome P450-mediated in all cases. Here we demonstrated that human detoxification from a pesticide may be severely hampered in case of co-occurrence of other pesticides, as it is the case for drugs interactions, thus increasing the risk of adverse health effects. These results could contribute to improve the current challenging risk assessment of human and animal dietary to environmental chemical mixtures.

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