Heterogeneous Oxidation of Terbuthylazine by ``Dark'' OH Radicals under Simulated Atmospheric Conditions in a Flow Tube


  • Pflieger Maryline
  • Monod Anne
  • Wortham Henri

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In order to investigate the heterogeneous oxidation kinetics of the herbicide terbuthylazine (TERB), a stable and reproducible generation system of ``dark'' hydroxyl radical in the gas phase was developed and optimized using a PTR-MS. TERB was adsorbed on silica particles, which were coated on the walls of a flow tube. The hydroxyl radical was produced in the dark through the ozonolysis of 2,3-dimethyl-2-butene (DMB). The radical concentration was determined applying two different methods of calculation based on the monitoring of (i) a gaseous compound used as a tracer, m-xylene; (ii) one of the OH radical precursors, DMB. The obtained gaseous OH radical concentration in the reactor was (9.0 +/- 4.0) x 10(7) radical cm(-3). Exposing TERB to the oxidant for 1-14 h, a heterogeneous kinetic constant of k(OH) = (1.5 +/- 0.8) x 10(-13) cm(3) molecule(-1) s(-1) was found at 26 degrees C and RH < 1%. As a result, the heterogeneous oxidation of TERB by OH radicals seems to be much slower (by a factor of 63) when the organic compound is present in the particulate phase than when it reacts in homogeneous gas phase.

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